Prevention of cancer involves the measures that we should take to decrease the chances of any type of cancer. In this way, we can decrease the mortality rate. It is the responsibility of every individual that he takes protective measures and seeks for a hygienic environment. Public policy or socioeconomic are also responsible for taking protective measures.
Risk factors for cancer
- The major risk factors are:
- Lack of active physical activity
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Air pollution
- Genetic background
How we can control these risk factors?
The major causes are environmental issues like pollution and radiations. About 76% of deaths are occurring due to these risk factors. These are preventable. Our lifestyle greatly affects our environment. A healthy and simple lifestyle will lead to a healthy population. The historical background is not an environmental risk factor. It will not remove by improving our environment. Gene editing technique has solved this problem. Mutant genes that are responsible for cancer have replaced with normal genes. “Population-based personalized cancer screening” is a modern genetic technique. In this technique, there is a record of the genetic makeup of each individual in a population. This record is present in a gene bank. Gene bank is just like NADRA that keeps the record of a population.
Following are some protective measures
Active physical activity can reduce the chance of colon cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, endometrium cancer, and blood cancer up to 30%. The biological mechanism has not yet understood how physical activity reduces the risk of cancer. Several studies have suggested that it reduces cancer because it reduces overweight. It has an effect on hormonal secretion of glands. It reduces insulin and estrogen release. As a result, it reduces inflammation and thus strengthens the immune system.
Medication is also an attractive concept for prevention of cancer. Aspirin can reduce cancer up to 7%. NSAIDs reduce the chances of colorectal. It can cause several side effects. Therefore, it is less common for cancer prevention. Tamoxifen and raloxifene prevent breast cancer in women.
Many combinations of healthy diets can decrease the risk of cancer. Dietary recommendations are helpful in this concern. Consumption of coffee can reduce the chance of liver cancer. There is a relation between breast cancer and red or processed meat because the meat that has cooked at high temperature contains a high content of carcinogens.
Good diets for cancer prevention
- Whole grains
Diets that we should avoid
- Processed and red meat
- Refined carbohydrates
- Animal Fats
Anticancer vaccines are prophylactic, preventative and treatment tools. Vaccines perform their activity by increasing cytotoxic T lymphocytes recognition ability and tumor-specific antigen activity. “Human papillomavirus vaccine” can reduce the chance of cervical cancer. “Hepatitis B vaccine” decrease the risk of liver cancer. Vaccines are immunoglobulins based and specific. They target only specific abnormal cells.
From the above discussion, we can conclude that cancer is a curable and preventable disease. Cancer has a relation to our diet, environment, and genetic history. With the development of science, technologies have evolved that can reduce or remove cancer. There is no need to worry about a lethal disease like cancer. Its treatment and prevention are in our hands. We are at the stage of development. The most important thing is the hope to live. We should keep cancer patients happy and busy in healthy activities so that they do not lose a life before death.