types of cancer treatment and side effects long term side effects of chemotherapy and radiation

Types of cancer
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Types of cancer


Cancer is a disease characterized by rapidly dividing abnormal cells that lead to clusters of cells in the form of tumor and can spread to other organs. Geneshave information encoded in the form of DNA that control cell division. Normal cell divides through a process known as mitosis. When cell content reach to a limit, genes send signal to those cells and stop cell division. However, due to some reason cell may lose control over their division and start to proliferate abnormally. They become immortal and continue to divide. When normal cell damages, it is removed through apoptosis. Immune system has a type of cell known as natural killer cell that identifies cancerous cells as abnormal cells. T lymphocytes can attack tumor cells and destroy them. These are major line of protection against tumor. Cancer is the major of death in USA.

Types of cancer according to their origin

  • Breast cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Oesophagus cancer
  • Thyroid gland cancer
  • Cervix cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Pancreas cancer
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Leukemia cancer
  • Corpus uteri
  • Kidney cancer
  • Brain or central nervous system cancer
  • Lip or oral cavity cancer
  • Melanoma of skin
  • Ovary
  • Gall bladder cancer
  • Multiple myeloma cancer
  • Larynx cancer
  • Nasopharynx cancer
  • Hypopharynx cancer
  • Oropharynx cancer
  • Hodgkin lymphoma cancer
  • Salivary glands cancer
  • Testis cancer
  • Vulva cancer
  • Anus cancer
  • Kaposi sarcoma cancer
  • Mesothelioma cancer
  • Penis cancer
  • Vagina cancer

Tumor types

Malignant tumor is localized tumor and retain over the tissue or organ where it originates. It does not move to other organs. It is less dangerous and can be removed through surgery with 100% recovery. It is primary stage of cancer with any type or in any organ.

Metastasis is a tumor that not confined to one place. It moves and spreads to other organs. It the last stage of cancer and most dangerous one. Like in breast cancer, tumor may spread to lymph nodes, lungs or hurt. When tumor starts moving, it damages vital organs and effect their division. Effected organs also start to proliferate and lost their function.

Most deadly type of cancer

There are many deadly types of cancer in both man and women.

In man

  • Lung and bronchus
  • Prostate
  • Colon and rectum
  • Pancreas
  • Liver and intra hepatic bile duct

According to a survey lung and bronchus, cancer has caused 28% deaths among males. Its major cause is smoking. Cigarette has 4000 dangerous chemicals among those 36 are carcinogens.

In women

  • Lung and bronchus
  • Breast
  • Colon and rectum
  • Ovary and pancreas

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women all over the world. It is the major cause of deaths among women. Treatments are available for breast cancer like radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery.

Cancer is spreading all over the world. It is common in youth. One man in every two will get cancer with any time during his lifetime. One woman in every three will get cancer during her life period.

One patient may get more than one type of cancer at one time. It is unusual but not impossible. There are many cases of colon cancer related in combination with lung cancer in the same patient at the same time. However, the bad news is that treatments for both are different. It is life threatening. Patient may lose hope before losing life.

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