What is cancer?
Cancer is uncontrollable division of abnormal cells in any part of body, organ, tissue or cell. It is most widely spreading disease in the world especially in young generation. One man in every two will get cancer in his lifetime. One female will get cancer in every three females. Cancer is malignant growth. We precisely define it malignant growth of cells because it do not remain localize. It spreads to other organs.
Cancer types vary from individual to individual, climate and sex like male and female. There are several types of cancer. Some important types are as follows:
Types common to women
- Breast cancer
- Uterine cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Melanoma cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Colorectal cancer
- Lung cancer
These are familiar in women. Breast cancer is the most popular of all. There are several reasons behind this. Treatments are available and patient may recover 95%. Chicken has become most favorite and modern diet. We do not know about the diet of chicks during their development. A chemical named as arsenic is present in their diet. Red meat is less dangerous than liver.
Types common to males
- Prostate cancer
- Colon and rectal cancer
- Urinary bladder cancer
- Lung and bronchus cancer
Among these types, lung and bronchus cancer is most familiar among males. Its major cause is smoking. Cigarette smoke breakdown the alveoli cells in lungs. When these cells damage then cell become abnormal. Cigarette smoke contain 4000 dangerous chemicals and 36 are carcinogenic (cancer causing). Smoking not just causes cancer in smokers but passive smokers may also effected.
Symptoms of cancer
Symptoms of cancer relate to their origin and cells.
- Change in the shape or size of bladder habits
- Never healing sore in the origin of cancer
- Heating area of cancer
- Severe pain
- Lose of hunger
- Bleeding or any discharge of liquid like material
- Feeling a lump or swelling in breast
- Digestion of food may disturb
- Change in a mole or wart
- Change in testicles in males
- Consistent cough
- Weight lose
- Changes can take place in mouth
- Changes in skin texture like roughness, acne or redness
- Lose of hair
The most dangerous stages of cancer
At start, abnormal cells remain confined to the area or their origin but with the passage of time, they may spread. When it start spreading, it effect the vital organs like in breast cancer it may effect kidney, lung, hurt and lymph nodes. It is most lethal and lead to death. Blood cancer is an example of metastatic cancer. Abnormal cells are present in blood. Blood is a connective tissue and circulate in whole body bathing every organ, tissue and cells. Therefore, this is the last stage and result in patient death.
Treatments for cancer
Treatments of abnormal growth relate to that organ, patient weight, health status, age and family background. First aid that we can provide to the patient is hope for life. Patients may lose before losing life. If there is a desire to live happy and enjoy the beauty of relations then patients recover soon and completely. Other treatment options are radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery. We should take measures to control this disease and spread awareness in common people. We should held seminars and awareness programs in poor areas. Provide a good nutrition and get rid of malnutrition. We should eliminate the root causes of disease from our environment.