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worst types of cancer to have

Types Of Cancer
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Worst types of cancer

Cancer is a lethal disease, which is causing an increase in mortality rate. It is becoming the second major cause of deaths. When cells lost control over its rate of division, it becomes abnormal and starts to proliferate. There are many causes of abnormal cell formation like inherited effects and environmental issues. We can decrease the mortality rate by decreasing or removing the causative agents of cancer. Environmental causes can be decreased by human activities that will not cause pollution. There are many types of cancer. Some types are common and are not dangerous. Some are rare and most dangerous. These types lead to death.

Some lethal types of cancer are as follow:

  • Lip cancer
  • Skin cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Testicular cancer
  • Ocular cancer
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Leukemia

Skin cancer

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is the development and uncontrollable division of cells in the skin.

Symptoms of skin cancer

Ulceration

The painless swell area on the skin that may appear shiny and show small blood vessels over it.

Hard lump

Types

Basal cell skin cancer

Squamous cell skin cancer

Melanoma

Basal cell and squamous cell skin cancer are two nonmelanoma skin cancers. The first type is slow growing and less spreading. The second type spreads to other parts and causes death. Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer.

Causes

Risk factors for skin cancer include ultraviolet radiations, poor immune system, and light skin.

Treatment

Treatments include surgery, fluorouracil, and radiation therapy.

Breast cancer

It is the growth of abnormal cells in the area of the breast.  It may remain confined to breast or may spread to other parts of the body.

Symptoms

  • Change in breast shape
  • Lump or swelling in the breast
  • Dimpling of the skin
  • Inverted nipple
  • Red patches on the skin
  • Discharge of fluid or blood from nipples
  • Hotness of breast

Causes of breast cancer

Causes of breast cancer

There are many causes of breast cancer. Some important causes are obesity, alcohol, lack of physical activity, hormone replacement therapy, ionizing radiation, older age and family history.

Treatment

Radiation therapy

Surgery

Hormonal therapy

Targeted therapy

Chemotherapy

Surgery is the removal of the whole breast or the removal of only affected part of the breast.

Prostate cancer

It is the growth of abnormal cells in the area of the prostate. The prostate is a gland of the male reproductive system.



Symptoms

Its symptoms include no or difficulty in urination, pain in the pelvis, blood in the urine, pain in the back and pain during urination.

Causes

Its risk factors include old age factors and family genetic history.

Treatment

Treatment of prostate cancer includes surgery, hormone therapy, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Testicular cancer

It is the growth of abnormal cells in the testicles.

Symptoms

Pain and swelling in the scrotum and lump in testicles.

Types

Its types include lymphoma, sex cord-stromal tumors and germ cell tumor.

Causes

Family genetic history and undescended testicles.

Treatment

Radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and radiation therapy are important treatments.

Thyroid cancer

It is the growth of abnormal cells in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is an important gland, which controls the rate of metabolism. It is present in the neck below the pharynx.

Symptoms



Its symptoms include a lump or swelling of the thyroid gland in the neck.

Causes

Exposure to rays and deficiency of iodine in the diet.

Treatment

Its treatments are radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and thyroid hormone therapy.

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